### Write a program to find out for a class of students, the number of families with 1, 2, 3, … up to 7 children. Data consists of number of children in each student's family. Design an appropriate format for the output.

**Source Code**

Brief explanation is provided after the source code.

#include <stdio.h> #define MAX 50 int main(int argc, char ** argv) { int students, data[MAX], children, i, counter = 0; printf("Enter number of students: "); scanf("%d", &students); for(i = 0; i < students; i++) { printf("Number of children in student No %d family: ", i+1); scanf("%d", &children); data[i] = children; } for (i = 0; i < students; i++){ if (data[i] >= 1 && data[i] <= 7) counter++; } printf("\nNumber of families with 1, 2, 3,...7 children: %d\n", counter); return 0; }

When you compile and execute the above program it produces the following result on Linux:

Enter number of students: 5 Number of children in student No 1 family: 1 Number of children in student No 2 family: 10 Number of children in student No 3 family: 2 Number of children in student No 4 family: 8 Number of children in student No 5 family: 7 Number of families with 1, 2, 3,...7 children: 3

**Brief Explanation**

- The program starts by requesting the number of students using the
*printf*function. The*printf*functions provide formatted output conversion. - Using the function
*scanf*, the number is read and assigned to the integer variable students.*scanf*reads characters from the standard input, interprets them according to the specification in format, and stores the results through the remaining arguments.*scanf*stops when it exhausts its format string, or when some input fails to match the control specification. - Using a
*for*loop to loop through the number of students, the number of children in each student family is read and assigned to the variable children. The integer array*data*consists of the number of children in each student's family. - Using another
*for*loop to loop through the number of students, a count of the number of families with 1, 2, 3 right up to 7 children is determined and printed to the standard output. - The return value of zero in the main function implies normal termination; non-zero values signal unusual or erroneous termination conditions.